The joy of obtaining a driver's license can be a little diluted by the fact that now you have to drive yourself without the help of an instructor. Gaining driving experience, useful will be useful tips for novice drivers from more experienced colleagues. It is worth listening to most of them, as it will largely save you from thoughtless actions and can preserve the integrity of the car, the health and life of the driver or passengers.
- 1 Preliminary preparation for departure
- 2 Behavior while driving
- 3 Extreme movement on slippery or winter road
- 4 Overtaking on the track
- 5 Using optical instruments
- 6 General recommendations
It is advisable to do the first departures after receiving a driver's license with an experienced mentor at a time when the road has a minimum load. Men or women on the mechanics can independently practice their gear changes, despite the speed lever.
Be sure to prepare the driver's seat for individual parameters. In this case, removed all the elements of the interior, which create discomfort for the driver. It is not advisable to hang anything on the rearview mirror, put distracting toys or other unnecessary items on the front panel.
If possible, the following reconfiguration in the car:
- the chair moves along the longitudinal guides so that with the maximum squeezing of any pedal the full leg straightening takes place;
- hands mounted on the steering wheel should be slightly bent, this is governed by the angle of the seat back;
- for the legs and pelvis should remain the possibility of changing positions without losing control over the control of the car;
- if the car model allows you to configure the departure / height of the steering wheel and pedals, then you need to adjust this parameter for yourself;
- the seat belt is tensioned so that it fits snugly against the surface;
- the height of the rigid part of the head restraint of the driver and passengers must be at eye level;
- The rear-view mirror located in the passenger compartment is obliged to cover for the driver an overview of the entire rear window;
- side exterior mirrors on both sides are adjusted so as to ensure the visibility of the side elements of your own car and to cover the road as close as possible to the car.
These tips will work no matter what type of car the driver will have to drive: men on manual transmissions or women on the machine or vice versa. In all situations, the priority is the safety of all road users.
Behavior while driving
Loud tuning of music while driving in the city or behind its line can distract the driver from the traffic situation. Often heard in time, the signal or the creaking of brakes can warn the driver about possible problems on the road.
Before any maneuver, be sure to ensure that there is no visible interference. To do this, it is not always enough to look in the mirrors, so you should turn your head to fully assess the whole situation.
Before each turn, you will need to reset the speed. This should be done in advance by changing lanes. Turning at high speed significantly reduces the stability of the machine, which leads to its possible overturn.
Having noticed a hole or pothole on the road, you will need to slow down, and just before the hole you can release the brake pedal to reduce the force of the collision with it. It is necessary to take into account the state of the brake pads, because in wet weather they have reduced frictional properties, which significantly lengthens the braking distance. They can be dried a little on a flat road. The driver may slightly press the brake pedal several times, moving at a low speed.
With icy conditions, the braking distance can be extended up to 10 times. The driver must necessarily reduce the average speed limit and increase the distance to the nearest car. This will reduce the likelihood of a collision. Also, a man or a woman on the mechanics has the ability to brake the engine, switching to a lower gear at high engine speeds. If you are going to the "machine", then use the fixed settings, which you can go to and set the desired transfer in manual mode.See also: How to ride a box machine in the winter
Extreme movement on slippery or winter road
On a slippery road that has sections with descents and ascents, it is not recommended to reset or gain speed, it is advisable to pass this zone at the same speed. At the same time, while driving on such routes, it is worth holding the steering wheel in one position, turning it smoothly. Sharp jerks can unbalance the car.
In the case when the car has already drifted into a snowdrift, and it’s not possible to get out of it for some time, it is not advisable to slip long and hard, especially on hard rubber. In such a situation, radial icy surfaces will form under the driving wheels. Under the wheels enclose any items for which rubber can "catch":
- rubber mats from the cabin;
- branches of nearby shrubs or trees, etc.
The buildup method often helps.in which the driver feeds the car forward / backward on the maximum rise of the car in the resulting track.
You need to know that almost any road after the start of rain becomes the most dangerous for the car.
This is due to the fact that the particles of rain, mixing with dust, form a slurry, dangerous for pairing the wheels and the roadway. At this time, it is not recommended to make sharp maneuvers by picking up / dropping speed or turning the steering wheel.
When driving on a slippery road you can not go around the pit, so as not to get into a skid. If possible, you will need to gradually brake in several movements of the pedal, as well as activate engine braking. First you need to make sure there is no interference from behind, so as not to create an emergency.
In winter, it is recommended to carry anti-slip rubber mats and a spade with a wide grip in the trunk. These items can come to the rescue during unexpected snowfall.
Overtaking on the track
Tips for a novice driver or driving for dummies will be relevant while helping with overtaking. Such maneuvers include the advance of one or several moving vehicles leaving the other lane.
The driver performing the overtaking is obliged to take into account that his car may be located in the “blind” zone for the vehicle being overtaken.
With such an arrangement of cars on the road, an overtaken vehicle can take more to the left at any second for a possible detour of a sudden obstacle on the road in the form of a pit or pothole. After all, even the statistics suggests that road accidents in most cases arise due to the problems of cars going in one direction.
It is necessary to complete overtaking and return to your lane when the overtaking vehicle will be displayed in the rear-view mirror. Removal should be approximately 20 m from its front.
When overtaking a cyclist, it is necessary to keep a side distance of at least one meter from him. This will ensure safer travel. After this maneuver, it is impossible to brake sharply in front of him or to press him with the car body. In order not to create an emergency situation, he has a lesser degree of passive safety and is able to lose his balance at any moment.
Use of optical devices
During intense precipitation in the form of rain, snowfall or dense fog, the use of low or high beam can significantly reduce visibility. This phenomenon is often called the “light wall”. Every drop or snowflake is an independent reflector of light. In some cases, you can briefly turn off the light, although this is prohibited by the traffic rules, because then other road users will not see you.
When visibility is up to 100 m, it is recommended to use fog and dim light. In case of thicker fog or just leave fog.
It is possible on the road with low visibility to go for some car at a safe distance, but you should not use high beam at that. With limited visibility of less than 10 m, the speed must be reset to 5-7 km / h.See also: How to get the rights of category M
You must be vigilant at unregulated intersections, as they are one of the most emergency areas on the highway. Accidents occur on them for various reasons:
- violation of the rules of maneuvering;
- inattention to road signs or markup;
- the safe distance is not maintained, etc.
When driving a car, you need to take into account that not all road users will observe traffic rules.
This can happen both consciously violators, and carelessness other drivers. Therefore, you should not reduce attention even in the case when your car has the advantage in the form of driving on the main road or going to the green light. At any time you need to have time to respond to the rapidly changing environment.
Particularly dangerous objects are standing cars at the curb. They can hide a pedestrian at any time. In some cases, the shadow of it can be seen under the car or see the silhouette behind the glasses. In any case, it is advisable to slow down before driving around such a car.
There are proven and recognized factors that reduce the driver's attention to the situation around or slow down the reaction to events:
- smoking while driving;
- pre-use of drugs containing painkillers or sedatives;
- driver fatigue or feeling unwell;
- reduced stiffness on the brake pedal or increased stiffness of the steering wheel;
- wet or slippery track;
- reduced visibility on the road;
- excessive agitation or excitement while driving;
- road congestion.
It has been established that the organism achieves a greater degree of fatigue during the day from 15: 00–19: 00, and at night in the range of 2: 00-6: 00
The distance is necessarily observed at the established speed limit. In the city, it is necessary to adhere to a safe interval of 20 m, and outside it on a dry surface, it is enough to travel no closer than 40 m. For slippery surfaces, the distance should be increased.
You should not keep an unreasonably large distance to exclude provocation for other cars to unreasonable maneuver.
It is undesirable to keep the clutch in a squeezed state for a long time, as it negatively affects the duration of its operation. The release bearing is not designed for such modes, so it can quickly fail. Moving coasting can include neutral speed, and not long to press on the clutch.
Reverse gear is included only after a complete stop of the vehicle. Otherwise, the gears in the gearbox will quickly wear out.
It is important to control the situation around your car. For this, visual inspection is regularly carried out through the rear-view mirrors. Without fail it is carried out before any maneuver.
When there is an icy area on the way, for example, after any descent on the road in early spring or late autumn, then you shouldn’t brake on it if possible. If the situation allows, then it should be driven at the same speed. Braking on it can lead to skidding, especially if the rubber does not fit the season.
High-speed track with high-quality coating can create the wrong idea about the current speed of the car, so the speedometer will help to assess the situation. Do not abuse the speed limit.
If there was a noticeable deterioration of health while driving, then you need to try to press the alarm, notifying the problem of other motorists or pedestrians. After it is required, if possible, take it to the right closer to the side of the road and stop.
During the transportation of children, the doors must be locked. In many brands of cars for this there is a special lever, which is noticeable en end of the door under the lock mechanism. If not, then you need to press the lock buttons.