We talked a lot about German SUVs, such as the 2013 Gelendvagen, the English - Range Rover Sport 2013. And today we will talk about our SUVs, which feel very good in our off-road conditions.
Moreover, the car in question is a legend GAZ-69. Where she just did not go? The photo of GAZ-69 shows that this car is not just a legend, but also a serious SUV.
During the period of production of GAZ-69 and GAZ-69A, which lasted about 2 decades, more than 600,000 copies were produced. GAZ-69 was sent for export to 56 countries of the world in various climatic modifications (GAZ-69M and GAZ-69AM). In addition, in 1957 the technical documentation for mass production was transferred to Romania, and in 1962 to North Korea.
Cars GAZ-69 and GAZ-69A are found today, some even in good condition. Cars often finish to participate in crosses and other off-road competitions.
In general, this device can travel everywhere and to this day - in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and even in Africa and in the East, wherever off-road flourishes and there are large distances, as well as experienced mechanics and any gasoline.
The photo of GAZ-69 shows that the design is very simple - this is the chip. The design is so simple that this car can be repaired in almost every garage. It's simple: a frame, two bridges, springs, a durable motor, a downshift on a “razdatka” - this is why GAZ-69 can drive along impassable off-road. Most of the parts were tested on other cars produced at the Gorky Automobile Plant, so the GAZ-69 is tenacious, like no other, even the Range Rover Sport 2014 is not so tenacious.Recommended article: UAZ Patriot with automatic transmission is not yet known when it will appear.
On the photo of GAZ-69 tarpaulin and steel are visible.
The USSR Ministry of Defense acted as the customer for this car, therefore the body of the GAZ-69 was produced only in the field version - with a canvas roof. Two variants were produced: the four-door GAZ-69 A, it was also called the “commander” and the two-door GAZ-69, it is considered to be a cargo-passenger with front seats and two rear benches.
To protect the metal of the body from the bottom from corrosion, a layer of bitumen mastic was applied on it. For the top - intended primer and paint in two colors: sand-yellow and khaki. Usually the body rusts from the edges of the wings, side members and the front of the floor. But well-preserved specimens can be found if you want, because these cars did not drive through the streets of cities sprinkled with salt.
Of course, body parts in stores are not sold, but they can be found through the sites of fans of this model. Ram, at the time of purchase must also carefully inspect, because it can also suffer from corrosion. It was replaced on many gases with a frame from the UAZ-469.
Engine for GAZ-69
Engine GAZ-69 is the same as the M20 "Victory". Volume 2,12; power - 55 l. with. (at 3600 rpm). In general, this motor has a good load (127 Nm at 2000 r / min), for which it is loved by off-road pirates. True, the maximum speed of this car is 90 km / h.
It is the excellent off-road capabilities that show the GAZ-69 photo and are impressive, it was such off-road capabilities that made this car popular in the CIS countries. The then farmers, builders and revolutionaries of the 60s prepared GAZ-69 was quoted on a par with the Land Rover (then it was inexpensive) and the Jeep CJ series. But the fee for excellent permeability and survivability - the need for maintenance and frequent fuss. But in those years, fussing during repairs is a common thing.Recommended article: Land Rover Discovery 3 Chip Tuning: A New Look for Your SUV
The front hubs are connected using the transfer case lever; this can be done at any speed, even without squeezing the clutch. But downshift is recommended only after stopping, and the reverse transition to a higher gear is better to do on the go. What else is interesting is that there is no center differential here, and it was not recommended to drive on a normal road in Soviet times in order to save gasoline.
The clutch is generally unpretentious, here the mechanical drive of its deactivation, the clutch times per thousand km. Need grease for levers and release bearing.
Drive bridges must be serviced every 6 thousand km. In general, “native” bridges today are a rarity and instead of “native” they put 469th or volgovskih bridges.
Springs and bridges on the GAZ-69
The suspension of this Soviet jeep can withstand any off-road, but there's nothing to say about the roads at all. So this suspension on longitudinal springs with shock absorbers, which are double-acting. Such a suspension is perfect for towing a trailer 850 kg or battalion gun. But with such a load it will be possible to drive at a speed of 40 km / h.
The rear springs of the GAZ-69 are stiffer because of the large thickness and they are of 11 sheets, and the shock absorbers are of lever type, every 6 thousand km they need to be filled with liquid, and for the new season they must be dismantled and completely washed. Now you can’t see such units and instead it’s better to install telescopic shock absorbers, they are more unpretentious.
In order to avoid squeaking, the springs should be lubricated with a lubricant for the springs. This device squeaks and bushings, they may not be enough for 1 thousand km, so in order to increase the life they should be soaked in gasoline. So behind this car you need an eye and an eye.Recommended article: Tuning UAZ Hunter (Hunter): an interesting off-road option
Character GAZ-69 (Photo)
The steering wheel of this army jeep is really heavy, as there is no power steering here :)). There is usually a backlash, but it can be eliminated by the necessary adjustments.
GAZ has a harsh and braking system in which there are four working drums and one circuit of the hydraulic drive, and of course there is no amplifier. On the shaft of the transfer case there is even a fifth brake drum, which compensates for the lack of reliability. Every 12 thousand km. It is recommended to completely disassemble the brake system and flush it, but in the modern world it is a very inconvenient procedure. But this applies to many Russian cars.
Yes, it’s not at all easy to maintain this car these days, but it’s very honorable and helpful to be the owner of a working rarity, as GAZ-69 will be able to take you to places where a rare modern jeep can go.
By the way, there is a more interesting option: take the GAZ-69, improved with modern instruments and technologies. But such a device will cost much more ...
And finally, the video where the GAZ-69 in fact demonstrates its off-road qualities: