Feelings of driving a powerful and high-speed car can not be expressed in words. Clamping the pedal all the way and rushing along the highway at a speed of more than 400 km / h is the dream of every motorist. The best automotive industry engineers understand drive enthusiasts and every year they release new engines that hit drivers around the world. Of course, such machines cost a lot of money, and some are still not available on the market and are made to order. They show not only the passion for speed, but also the consistency of the driver.
The origin of internal combustion engines
Most drivers love to discuss the power of their vehicles with friends, as well as read relevant articles and study ratings. However, not everyone knows how and in what form diesel and gasoline engines existed before.
Type of internal combustion engine
The history of internal combustion engines goes back to the very end of the eighteenth century. So, in 1799, the Frenchman Philippe Lebon patented his invention - a motor that works on gas from a gas, also an open engineer. Since then, followed by many studies (mostly unsuccessful) and a number of inventions, thanks to which the engine became the one we know it.
Читать далее о самых мощных автомобильных двигателях-->Первый бензиновый двигатель появился после череды испытаний и предложений от инженеров того времени — они искали новые виды топлива. В числе прочих смесей был испробован керосин, но он отличался тем, что плохо испарялся. На замену ему пришёл бензин, ранее известный только домохозяйкам — он продавался в аптеках как чистящее средство. В 1888 году россиянин Огнеслав Костович посетил Департамент торговли и мануфактур с просьбой выдать разрешение на использование нового двигателя. «Усовершенствованный, действующий керосином, бензином, нефтью, светильными и прочими газами и взрывчатыми веществами» — этот мотор стал основополагающим в современном производстве. Разрешение Костович получил только в 1892 году. За срок 4 года он успел запатентовать изобретение в Великобритании и США.
Gas engine Огнеслав Костович изобрёл не для того, чтобы облегчить жизнь автомобилистов, а для создания своего дирижабля с инновационной конструкцией, в том числе типом питания. Проект так и не увидел свет, но мотор отлично подошёл для наземных транспортных средств. Двигатель Костовича имел систему водяного охлаждения, электрическое зажигание и оппозитное расположение цилиндров.
The first diesel engine, whose technology is also widespread today, has a more popular origin history. Rudolf Diesel, known to many, created it - the technology and type of fuel is named after him. In 1890, Diesel gave the idea that for better fuel economy, you need to apply the technology of rapid compression. In 1893, Rudolph received a patent for a diesel engine, 4 years later, releasing the first working prototype. The engine was distinguished by high efficiency, but it was too large, so for a long time the priority was gasoline units.
What determines the engine power
To better understand this, you need to know how its running potential is calculated. First of all, it depends on the amount of horsepower. This term was introduced by James Watt - a Scottish inventor and engineer. It was necessary to calculate the equivalent number of horses needed to pull the steam engine — also Watt’s project. In 1789, the inventor made a number of mathematical calculations, exploring the possibilities of the horse, averaged over a large period of time. So, one horsepower was equivalent to 735 watts. It is noteworthy that the power measurement system in watts (W, W) was named in honor of James Watt 64 years after his death.
One way or another, the power of the motor is variable. It depends on the engine speed. The maximum power of the average engine is about 6000 revolutions per minute. Of course, no one drives such speeds - when moving around the city, the tachometer shows about 3000 r / m. When driving with an indicator equal to half the engine potential, its power is also halved. To increase the number of revolutions necessary to reduce the transmission gearbox.
The set of revolutions takes some time, which does not allow to mobilize all horsepower instantly. During the set of revolutions corresponds to the torque - the third indicator, which determines the actual engine power.
Thus, the actual engine power depends not only on the amount of horsepower. An equally important factor is the number of revolutions, allowing to realize the potential, as well as the torque, which determines the time spent on this. In addition, the power depends on the weight of the machine - the number of liters. with. per ton of weight is called "specific indicator".
Rating of ten cars on which the most powerful engines in the world are installed
9ff F97 A-Max
The unit installed on the car from 9ff since 2013 has opened the ten most powerful engines in the world. This company is engaged in tuning cars Porsche, turning them into vehicles for legal street racing. Model F97 A-Max is able to reach a speed of 403 km / h, accelerating to a hundred in 2.4 seconds. The power of the engine installed in the car is 1400 horsepower - 333 per liter of volume, which is 4.2 liters, as well as 966 liters. with. per ton of weight. The motor installed in the car is one of the most powerful in the company's range. Its torque is 1250 Nm - hence the acceleration rate. It took several years to develop it, and now it allows you to ride on the highway with a breeze at breathtaking speed.
9ff GT9 Vmax
In ninth place is the car from the same tuning studio. This model appeared a year earlier than A-Max - in 2012. First of all, the hypercar differs from its relative dynamic characteristics. So, its maximum speed is 437 km / h, and acceleration to a hundred takes 3.1 seconds. The weight of the car is 110 kilograms less than the follower, which provides a specific power of 1045 horsepower per ton. It has the same number of “horses” under the hood - 1,400. The peculiarity of the model is that, despite the lower dynamics, it has a higher speed potential, developing a speed of 33 km / h more. Torque with an indicator of 1160 Nm spends a little more time to disperse, but fans of “flying” on the highway do not consider this a disadvantage.
Nissan GT-R Switzer R1K-X Red Katana
In eighth place is hypercar from Nissan. The engine in its body allows the car to reach a speed of 400 km / h. The power of the unit is 1400 horsepower - like the previous cars in the rating. At the same time, comparing with them, the specific power of the car has an indicator of 784 horsepower per ton. Katana has a relatively large weight - 1786 kilograms. Anyway, this does not prevent her 3.8-liter engine to develop 100 km / h in just 2.5 seconds. The power density of the machine allows it to bypass products 9ff. Discounts for new cars! Profitable loan from 9.9% installments 0% adom.ru
Hennessey Venom GT Spyder
The new car from Hennessey, the hypercar company, was released in 2016 and is a modification of the previous version, which has several world awards for its speed. Unlike its predecessor, the model has a body roadster, which is reflected in the weight of the car, and, consequently, in its dynamic characteristics. In addition, a new motor is installed in the roadster. It still has a volume of 7 liters, but the power has increased significantly - up to 1,470 horsepower against the old 1244. Hypercar accelerates to hundreds in 2.5 seconds. Its relatively small mass (1245 kg) and excellent torque (1566 Nm) allows you to quickly develop one of the highest speeds in the world - 440 km / h.
The eight-liter engine of this hypercar is one of the most voluminous in the rating. The power is 1500 horsepower. The maximum speed of Bugatti is 420 kilometers per hour, and up to a hundred it accelerates in 2.5 seconds. Torque has an indicator of 1600 Nm. All these indicators allow the car to have one of the highest speed limits, despite the fact that its weight is a record 2 tons in the rating.
Nissan GT-R AMS Alpha 12
Another, second in the rating tuning GT-R, which this time takes the fifth place among the most powerful cars in the world. The car, taken as a basis, received an almost threefold increase in horsepower - this figure reached the mark of 1500. The car has a maximum speed of 370 kilometers per hour, spending up to 2.4 seconds to accelerate. Engine capacity of 4 liters has a torque of 1375 Nm. The machine is equipped with automatic transmission. According to the manufacturers, upon arrival for testing the maximum speed, the wheels of the car scrolled to fourth gear.
Lamborghini Aventador Mansory Competition
In fourth place is the car, which is another experiment from the tuning studio Mansory. They worked on the Avendator in order in 2014 to reveal to the world a new version of the hypercar - Competition. Inside the car is no less attractive than the outside: a 6.5-liter engine with 12 cylinders provides 1600 horsepower and 1200 Nm of torque, which allows you to accelerate to a hundred in 2.1 seconds. The maximum speed of a 1.6-ton car is 370 kilometers per hour. It is possible to surpass the previous version of the car thanks to a completely updated engine design, which, moreover, has two superchargers and a turbocharger.
Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren Brabus
Despite the fact that the model is not available now, we can talk about it as a real car - manufacturers are planning to revive the line soon. Brabus, who are mainly engaged in tuning cars Mercedes, did a great job on the model, equipping it with a V10 engine of 8.4 liters (the most voluminous in the rating), which gives 1600 horsepower and has a torque of 2800 Nm. Acceleration to a hundred on such a car takes only 2 seconds, which is also the shortest period of time in the ranking. As for the maximum speed, this figure is 350 kilometers per hour and is the smallest in the top, yielding 20 km / h to three models at once.
Lamborghini Aventador Mansory Carbonado GT
This car of 2014 of release has the engine, identical to the relative Competition. The only difference that allows this car to take second place in the ranking of the most powerful cars in the world is the reduced weight of the Carbonado body - only 1,555 kilograms. For the rest, driving performance is similar to the Competition.
The name of the car from Swedish translates as "reign". This is symbolic, as its engine is the most powerful among all the cars in the world. With a volume of 5 liters, it produces 1,790 liters. pp., which is enough to break up to a hundred in 2.7 seconds - an indicator is not the best, but sufficient. The maximum speed is 410 km / h, torque - 2083 Nm.
For the 128 years that have passed since the invention of the first engine familiar to us, the auto industry has made tremendous progress. The power of modern engines has stepped over a thousand and is not going to stop.