The Wartburg 1.3 was first unveiled at the 1988 fair. Its fundamental difference from the many years produced Wartburg "353" - the power unit with a four-stroke engine, located transversely. Recall that the 353 has a longitudinal two-stroke engine. The serial production of Wartburg 1.3 was mastered at the end of the year by the plant in Eisenach, which is part of its plant for the production of cars. At the barge factory in Karl-Marx-State, an engine is made for it, with the exception of the cylinder head, and it is also manufactured in Eisenach. During 1989, Wartburg 1.3 will replace the Model 353.
The engine has acquired a license from the company Volkswagen, which supplied the main equipment for its production. The motor belonging to the Alpha family, model EA-111, is applied by it on Golf and Polo cars. The option put on production in the GDR, made with regard to the latest upgrades and corresponds to the world technical level. He received here the index BM860. Mastering the license, which was attended by 40 GDR combines, more than 100 allied enterprises, took less than 4 years. A new motor production was launched at the Barkas plant, at the same time the capacities were created and reconstructed at a number of other plants. Automation on machining parts is 80-90 percent, on the assembly about 25%. Used 261 industrial robot.
Car review Wartburg 1.3
The new engine for the Wartburg is a four-stroke, 4-cylinder, liquid-cooled, 5-bearing crankshaft and a camshaft located in the head. Thin-walled cylinder block is cast from special cast iron, and between the cylinders there are no ducts for coolant. Crankshaft cast, nodular cast iron. Aluminum alloy cylinder head. The valves are arranged in a row and controlled by the camshaft through hydraulic tappets that do not require clearance adjustment and reduce the noise level of the mechanism. The camshaft is driven by a belt.See also: Four Kia models will receive a limited edition for Russia
The shape of the exhaust and intake valves, the combustion chamber is chosen so that, using a strong lean mixture, to provide a combination of good economy and low toxicity level. With a compression ratio of 9.5, the engine runs on gasoline with an octane number of 92. The Weber-34TLA type carburetor, produced in the GDR under an Italian license, is equipped with automatic start and warm up devices and a device for disabling feed at idle. The air filter automatically regulates the temperature of the intake air. The inlet pipe is equipped with a needle element for electric heating of the mixture. The oil pump is driven by a roller chain.
Torque from the engine is transmitted through the clutch, 4-speed gearbox, the main gear with spur gears and unequal length shafts with equal angular velocity hinges to the front wheels. Installing a new power unit (it is tilted forward by 15%) required changes in the chassis design of the Wartburg 1.3 model, as well as the chassis and body. The front wheel track is increased by 100, the rear - (with the help of stands) by 66 mm, which positively affected the stability and controllability of the car.
The design of the front and rear parts of the body has been changed; new lighting devices and modern plastic bumpers have been applied. As the number became wider, the flanges were made on the wings at the wheel arches. Newly designed dashboard. The heating and ventilation system, including air ducts to the rear seat, is highly efficient.
Having kept the usual forms, Wartburg 1.3 became outwardly much more modern and more attractive. But above all, improvement relates to its performance: compared with the “Wartburg 353”, fuel consumption is reduced by 20%, the emission of toxic substances has been drastically reduced, and the interval between maintenance has been doubled to 15,000 km. Improved dynamics, increased maximum speed. Resource car to overhaul - 150000 km.See also: New Sports Porshe Cayman S
Technical characteristics of the car Wartburg 1.3
- Total information: the number of seats is 5, the number of doors is 4, the curb weight is 900 kg, the highest speed is 135 km / h, and the acceleration time from a standstill to 100 km / h is 20 seconds, average fuel consumption is 6.8 l / 100 km, fuel capacity - 44 liters, trunk volume - 0.525 m / cubic, tires - 165 R13, 165SR13 or 175 / 70R13, dimensions in millimeters: length - 4216, width - 1640, height - 1495, base - 2450, front-wheel track - 1380, rear - 1360.
- Engine: type gasoline four-stroke. Working volume - 1272 cm cubic, cylinder diameter - 75 mm. Piston stroke - 72 mm., Compression ratio - 9.5, power - 58 horsepower.
- Transmission: dry clutch, single plate, gearbox - 4-speed, final drive - spur gears (sedan and station wagon).
- Brakes: hydraulic drive, dual circuit, with a pressure regulator on the rear axle, the mechanisms of the front wheels are disk, rear - drum.
- Steering: rack
Tuning Photos Wartburg 1.3