What moves a person when he seeks to build a house that is larger than that of a neighbor? Vanity or rationalism? Anyway, but any creation of human hands has certain sizes. So, there will always be a champion who will be more competitors - higher, longer, heavier. What can explain the gigantism in the automotive industry? If we are talking about passenger cars, here, obviously, it is quite possible to talk about the desire to stand out. In the case of trucks and special equipment, the situation is completely different - most of the record holders are designed to perform specific practical tasks that cannot be solved in any other way, or it is very difficult to do in terms of resource consumption. What are the biggest cars in the world? Do they cope with the tasks set by their customers and designers? Let's try to make a list of cars that can be uniquely dubbed the term "very best".
TOP of the largest cars in the world.
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The largest machine in the world, built in 1995 by the German company Takraf, is a giant rotary-type excavator, representative of a whole family of champions Bagger. Its characteristics are so unique that they deserve a detailed description. Let's start with the fact that the length of a self-propelled career excavator is 336 meters (for comparison: the length of a football field is about 100 meters), height is 96 meters (imagine a 30- to 40-storey high-rise). To go from the rotary installation to the end point of the conveyor in an average step, it takes about 3 minutes!
It should be noted that this is a working unit, which from the very beginning and to this day works at an open-pit coal mine located in the vicinity of the city of Hambach. Moreover, the performance of this miracle is also impressive: for a day the excavator is able to dig up to 250 thousand cubic meters of rock, that is, about 220 thousand tons. To transport this amount of coal will need to use 4000 freight cars with a capacity of 60 m3. The weight of the self-propelled unit is 14.2 tons, it works from external electric motors with a total capacity of 17 MW.
The rotor wheel with a diameter of 21.5 m. Is equipped with eighteen buckets, each of which is capable of capturing approximately 15 cubic meters of rock. Note that the cruising speed of the excavator is small - about 10 m / minute, and the crew of 5 people controls this miracle. The cost of Bagger 293, operated by the German energy concern RWE Power A, at the current rate exceeds $ 100 million. And the owner of the career excavator claims that the largest car on the planet paid for itself during the first few years of operation.
If we consider that such a huge object as Bagger 293, should be serviced by the appropriate vehicles, it is not surprising that all the largest trucks in the world are representatives of the dump truck group. Since 2014, the Belarusian giant BelAZ-75710 has been the official record holder. According to the passport, this dump truck is able to transport 450 tons of payload, however, during demonstration tests, he managed to cope with more than 500 tons, which was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records. Equally impressive are the dimensions of the truck:
- length - 20.6 m;
- width - 9.8 m;
- height - 8.2 m;
- body volume - 175 m3 (270 m3 - when loading with a slide).
The largest car in the world is served by a hybrid power plant consisting of two 16-cylinder diesel engines with a combined volume of 152.6 liters. with a total capacity of 4600 liters. with. and several electric motors. Despite the enormous dimensions, the dump truck is able to move around the highway at a speed of 65 km / h, eating 290 liters. diesel fuel every 100 kilometers. For full refueling you need 5,600 liters. diesel fuel. Manufacturers have tried to create the most comfortable working conditions for the driver - a split system is mounted in the cab, high-quality noise insulation is made, the dump truck is equipped with cameras and monitors that facilitate the review of “dead zones”. The cost of this miracle is about 10 million dollars, but we can talk about serial production with a certain stretch - there were three such machines produced.
Before the appearance of the BelaAZ novelty, the world championship in payload was held by another representative of dump trucks - Liebherr T282B. Its production is still engaged in the German-Swiss company Liebherr-International, producing about 75 copies annually. Therefore, the title of "the largest production car" dump truck will hold for a long time. With its own weight of 252 tons, the truck is able to transport 363 tons of rock. Dimensions corresponding to:
- length - 15.0 m;
- width - 9.5 m;
- height - 7.8 m.
Imagine a three-story house moving at a speed of 65 km. / H: an impressive and tickling nerves, isn't it? The power unit is appropriate - this 20-cylinder diesel engine weighing 10 tons, whose total capacity is 3,640 liters, drives this engine. with.
Diesel Consumption Discounts for new cars! Profitable loan from 9.9% installments 0% adom.ru corresponding - 175 l. / h. with a volume of filling tank 4730 liters. The diesel engine is also assisted by two electric motors, the main task of which is braking a mining truck with a force of 6020 liters. with., and the disk brake system plays the role of the parking brake. The cost of the truck is up to $ 5 million (depending on the configuration, since the car comes with different power units), but this is the price of the basic option - you need to pay extra for the stereo system, the climate system and fog lights. The dump truck is delivered practically all over the world - to Africa, Australia, North America.
Этот карьерный самосвал по праву занимает почётное 4-е место в ТОП-10 самых больших машин в мире. По габаритам он уступает только BelAZ-75710:
- length - 14.8 m;
- width - 9.5 m;
- height - 7.7 m.
With a weight of almost 250 tons, it can carry 345 tons of cargo, and this 24-liter diesel power unit with a capacity of 3,560 liters drives this hulk. pp., allowing you to accelerate to 68 km. / h., which is a record for mining trucks of this class.
It can also be argued that this representative of the American automotive industry is technologically most equipped: a computerized transmission, microprocessors also control the engine, the braking system is a whole complex of the latest technical developments, and the total area of brake discs exceeds 30 square meters. m!
Terex 33-19 «Titan»
For a long time, this dump truck, created in a single copy back in 1974 by specialists from the Canadian company Terex, held absolute primacy in payload, allowing the giant to load up to 350 tons of rock into a cargo platform with its own weight of 235 tons. its mass production was planned, but no more orders were received. After working in 1991 on a variety of careers, Terex Titan was exhibited as a museum exhibit in the city of Sparwood (Canada). But still its characteristics are impressive, including the dimensions:
- length - 20.3 m;
- width - 7.8 m;
- height - 6.9 m.
The power plant was a hybrid of a 1645 cylinder diesel with a capacity of 3,345 liters. s., and four electric motors mounted on the rear wheels (Titan is designed as a three-axle truck with a speed of 48 km / h.). The description of what the largest cars in the world look like cannot be called complete, if not to mention representatives of other classes of vehicles.
Mammoth LTM 11200-9.1
The most powerful and largest jib truck crane, released by the German concern Liebherr in 2007, really represents a real technological miracle. Designed on a nine-axle chassis, it has impressive dimensions:
- length - 20.0 m;
- width - 3.1 m;
- height - 4.0 m.
Of course, they are a serious obstacle to movement, but not insurmountable. Much more important is the performance of this mastodon in the world of truck cranes: with a weight of 96 tons, the Mammoth is capable of developing a decent speed - up to 80 km / h.
As the power unit used 8-cylinder 680-horsepower diesel engine, automatic transmission has 15 gears. An eight-section telescopic boom allows you to lift a cargo weighing 1.2 Kt to a height of about 100 meters, and when using a jib, for the transport of which 10 to 20 trucks are used, the lifting height increases to 180 meters. Imagine a mounting hook 10 meters long weighing more than 10 tons, and you get an idea of what this giant is capable of.
Komatsu D 575 a 3
Раз мы упомянули самый большой в мире самоходный экскаватор, было бы несправедливо обойти вниманием бульдозерную технику. Мировым рекордсменом в этом классе считается бульдозер японского производства Komatsu D 575 a 3. Габариты его внушают уважение:
- length - 12.5 m;
- width - 7.6 m;
- height - 4.9 m.
The weight of the car is 152 tons (about three of the equipped tanks have the same mass). This engine, nicknamed Super Dozer, is driven by a 1260-liter turbocharged engine with a capacity of 1,160 liters. with. The fuel tank "Super Dozer" holds 2100 fuel, the dump volume is record - 69 m3. With such a huge mass and impressive dimensions, the crawler bulldozer is able to move at a speed of 12 km / h. (when reversing, this indicator is even more - 13.3 km / h). Indeed, a real monster!
In the category of truck tractors, there are also record holders.
Nicolas Tractomas TR
If you ask what is the largest car in the world presented in the Guinness Book of Records in the category of truck-mounted tractor, the answer will be unequivocal - Nicolas Tractomas TR, which was created for the transport of very heavy loads (weighing up to 500 tons). This car, produced in the Republic of South Africa since 2005, is equipped with a 912-horsepower 12-cylinder diesel engine, an automatic transmission with eight forward and four reverse gears.
- length - 12.5 m;
- 3.5 m wide;
- height - 4.5 m.
The truck was designed to transport components of South African thermal power plants and nuclear power plants over long distances - about 4 thousand kilometers.
Volvo FH16 750
This monster, although inferior in size to vis-a-vis from South Africa, is considered the most powerful saddle tractor on the planet, produced in large quantities. It is equipped with a 750-liter 6-cylinder diesel D16G unit. pp., which allows to transport goods weighing up to 250 tons on roads with the most difficult terrain.
And what about the record holders in the car category?
Bugatti Type 41 Royale
The largest passenger car in the world, whose length reached 6.2 meters, was produced in the 20-30 years of the last century. A total of 6 copies of this engineering miracle were produced (for that time, of course), but, to the credit of the developers, all the machines turned out to be so high-quality that they remained in very good condition to this day. The car was completed with an 8-cylinder 12.7-liter engine, developing a capacity of 300 liters. with. The speed is 200 km / h. and by today's standards is considered a sign of high-end cars, but then this figure was completely from the category of fiction. It is no coincidence that the Bugatti Type 41 Royale was dubbed the “Royal” car.
If we talk about modern cars, here the leadership belongs to the model Exelero from the autobusiness concern Maybach. This supercar has the same length of 6.2 meters with a width of 2.2 meters and a height of 1.3 meters. The car has been produced since 2005 and is equipped with a 12-cylinder 700-horsepower engine, allowing it to accelerate to 350 km / h. The cost of the S-Class car is about $ 8 million.
The length of this car is only slightly inferior to the Exelero - 6.15 m. In the category of sedans, it is the largest passenger car in the world. It was produced for a decade, from 2002 to 2013, and the cost of the car was not a record one - about 430 thousand euros. Equipped with a 550-horsepower 12-cylinder power unit, the Maybach 62 allows you to accelerate to 250 km / h. At the same time, its equipment corresponds to class F - four-zone climate control, folding rear seats, glass with a special coating that protects against the penetration of IR rays and dimming, folding rear tables, a refrigerator, BOSE acoustics of the High End class, AIRmatic air suspension. And a bunch of optional equipment, including an armored version.
Toyota Century Royal
This representative of the Japanese car industry is inferior to the Maybach 62 only 1 cm. - its length is 6.15 m. This is the second generation Century Royal, produced from 1997 to the present. Royal version was created by order of the Imperial Court of Japan. A total of 4 such sedans were produced, which replaced the outdated Nissan Prince in the imperial fleet. Equipped with a 12-cylinder, 275-horsepower engine, it weighs almost three tons and is exempt from the Japanese requirements of limits on size and curb weight. The cost of such a machine is 500 thousand dollars, among the features you can note the unusual materials used for the arrangement of the cabin (thresholds are made of granite, the upholstery of the seats is of sheep wool, the upholstery of the ceiling is made of rice paper).
Limousines can also be called with some stretch by the representatives of the class of passenger cars. Here, the undisputed champion is the American Dream - a car that can truly be called a real “American dream”.
The length of this monster, built in the 80s of the last century - 30.5 meters (in the American metric system - exactly 100 feet). The car, created exclusively for participation in the filming, is still a record holder in this category. Three rows of wheels with a total of 26 pieces allowed to equip this car with a swimming pool, jacuzzi, helipad, huge waterbed. For the convenience of driving such a long vehicle, it has two driver's cabs. Unfortunately, this largest car in the world came to a complete decline by 2012, and two years later, the Autoseum from New York, bought the automobile museum from New York, intending to restore it.
This is no less well-known car, despite its “bus” name, still more like a car or limousine. With a length of 15 meters, it is equipped with three pairs of wheels and eight pairs of doors. Super bass width - 2.5 meters, height - 1.65. The car is able to carry up to 23 passengers, with each of them being provided for personal use climate control, a television system, wireless Internet and a number of other amenities. With such impressive dimensions, Superbus is capable of speeds up to 250 km / h.
Since we are already talking about buses, it is worth mentioning the record holder in this category of vehicles. The right to be called the longest public transport belongs to the DAF SuperCityTrain bus, which, with a weight of 28 tons and a length of 32.3 meters, is capable of carrying 350 passengers. This is a typical representative of articulated buses. In the front cabin there are 110 seats and 140 standing places, in the second salon 100 people can be placed, of which 60 can sit. Wheels of this "supercar" on the roads of the Republic of Congo.
This is the undisputed leader in the class of SUVs. Its dimensions are:
- length - 7.7 m;
- width - 2.4 m;
- height - 2.2 m.
As the brainchild of Alton Manufacturing, the SUV is based on the Ford F650 pickup. With a curb weight of 12 tons, it is capable of a speed of 120 km / h., Possessing a 230-strong 6-cylinder power unit.
This seven-door car is designed for seven passengers, for whom the cabin is equipped with a 106-centimeter plasma panel and a speaker system with 40 speakers. This is the biggest car in the world in the SUV class will certainly appeal to those who find the size of the Hummer insufficient.